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California Agriculture, Vol. 28, No.4

Cover:  Shady Grove Dairy liquid manure holding pond near Chino. Top photo shows soil column installation on pond floor to right, and manometer installation on levee to left, allowing monitoring of seepage. Lower photo shows soil column being probed for sampling when pond was full with 8 ft. of dairy sewage.
April 1974
Volume 28, Number 4

Research articles

Insecticides and timing sprays for control of san jose scale
by R. E. Rice, J. E. Dibble, J. H. La Rue, R. A. Jones
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: SCALE INSECTS are among the most serious pests known to agriculture, and San Jose scale, Quadraspidiotus perniciosas (Comstock), ranks as the primary scale pest on deciduous fruit and nut trees. It is distributed worldwide and has been collected from approximately 700 different hosts. Unlike many insect pests, San Jose scale has the ability to kill all or parts of infested trees, in addition to making infested fruit unmarketable.
Abstract Not Available – First paragraph follows: SCALE INSECTS are among the most serious pests known to agriculture, and San Jose scale, Quadraspidiotus perniciosas (Comstock), ranks as the primary scale pest on deciduous fruit and nut trees. It is distributed worldwide and has been collected from approximately 700 different hosts. Unlike many insect pests, San Jose scale has the ability to kill all or parts of infested trees, in addition to making infested fruit unmarketable.
Pear fire blight control tests 1973
by W. O. Reil, S. V. Thomson, M. N. Schroth, W. H. Griggs, W. J. Moller
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: Copper compounds were the only currently registered bactericides that controlled streptomycin-resistant strains of firelight bacteria in Bartlett pear trees, but they induced considerable amounts of fruit russet. An anti-transpirant material reduced the amount of russet caused by the copper materials when applied alternately, or in conjunction with copper sprays. A new organic bactericide, MBR 10995, provided excellent control of fireblight in a limited trial but is not currently registered. Biological control of fireblight with application of bacteria antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora was somewhat effective. The efficacy of bactericides can also be determined by their effect on epiphytic populations of E. amylovora in blossoms.
Copper compounds were the only currently registered bactericides that controlled streptomycin-resistant strains of firelight bacteria in Bartlett pear trees, but they induced considerable amounts of fruit russet. An anti-transpirant material reduced the amount of russet caused by the copper materials when applied alternately, or in conjunction with copper sprays. A new organic bactericide, MBR 10995, provided excellent control of fireblight in a limited trial but is not currently registered. Biological control of fireblight with application of bacteria antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora was somewhat effective. The efficacy of bactericides can also be determined by their effect on epiphytic populations of E. amylovora in blossoms.
Subfloor monitoring of shady grove dairy liquid manure holding pond
by J. C. Oliver, J. L. Meyer, W. C. Fairbank, J. M. Rible
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: This report of the subfloor monitoring of the Shady Grove Dairy liquid manure holding pond near Chino offers further proof that such ponds are self-sealing and allow little or no seepage.
This report of the subfloor monitoring of the Shady Grove Dairy liquid manure holding pond near Chino offers further proof that such ponds are self-sealing and allow little or no seepage.
Climate effects on mandarins and valencia oranges
by E. M. Nauer, J. H. Goodale, L. L. Summers, W. Reuther
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: Results reported here, along with the results of similar studies conducted both in the field and in environmentally controlled glasshouses, emphasize the importance of climate in the production of marketable citrus fruits. The most important market criteria such as size, rind color, and maturity are determined to a large degree by the climate in which the trees are grown. These data can be useful in determining the most suitable varieties for trial in new areas.
Results reported here, along with the results of similar studies conducted both in the field and in environmentally controlled glasshouses, emphasize the importance of climate in the production of marketable citrus fruits. The most important market criteria such as size, rind color, and maturity are determined to a large degree by the climate in which the trees are grown. These data can be useful in determining the most suitable varieties for trial in new areas.
Pioneering research on aerosol application of insect pathogens
by L. A. Falcon, Ann Sorensen, N. B. Akesson
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: Results from these initial studies into insect pathogen application demonstrated the promising potential for effective dispersal of insect pathogens with ground aerosol rigs.
Results from these initial studies into insect pathogen application demonstrated the promising potential for effective dispersal of insect pathogens with ground aerosol rigs.
Basal sprouting of fig trees controlled with naa
by S. B. Boswell, C. D. McCarty
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: SHOOTS SPROUTING from the basal area of the trunk are a problem in commercial fig orchards and considerable time and money is spent in removing these sprouts by hand pruning. A growth regulator spray which would prevent or retard this unwanted growth would be of economic value to fig growers.
Abstract Not Available – First paragraph follows: SHOOTS SPROUTING from the basal area of the trunk are a problem in commercial fig orchards and considerable time and money is spent in removing these sprouts by hand pruning. A growth regulator spray which would prevent or retard this unwanted growth would be of economic value to fig growers.

Editorial, News, Letters and Science Briefs

Trade-offs and tomorrow
by J. B. Kendrick
Full text HTML  | PDF  
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California Agriculture, Vol. 28, No.4

Cover:  Shady Grove Dairy liquid manure holding pond near Chino. Top photo shows soil column installation on pond floor to right, and manometer installation on levee to left, allowing monitoring of seepage. Lower photo shows soil column being probed for sampling when pond was full with 8 ft. of dairy sewage.
April 1974
Volume 28, Number 4

Research articles

Insecticides and timing sprays for control of san jose scale
by R. E. Rice, J. E. Dibble, J. H. La Rue, R. A. Jones
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: SCALE INSECTS are among the most serious pests known to agriculture, and San Jose scale, Quadraspidiotus perniciosas (Comstock), ranks as the primary scale pest on deciduous fruit and nut trees. It is distributed worldwide and has been collected from approximately 700 different hosts. Unlike many insect pests, San Jose scale has the ability to kill all or parts of infested trees, in addition to making infested fruit unmarketable.
Abstract Not Available – First paragraph follows: SCALE INSECTS are among the most serious pests known to agriculture, and San Jose scale, Quadraspidiotus perniciosas (Comstock), ranks as the primary scale pest on deciduous fruit and nut trees. It is distributed worldwide and has been collected from approximately 700 different hosts. Unlike many insect pests, San Jose scale has the ability to kill all or parts of infested trees, in addition to making infested fruit unmarketable.
Pear fire blight control tests 1973
by W. O. Reil, S. V. Thomson, M. N. Schroth, W. H. Griggs, W. J. Moller
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: Copper compounds were the only currently registered bactericides that controlled streptomycin-resistant strains of firelight bacteria in Bartlett pear trees, but they induced considerable amounts of fruit russet. An anti-transpirant material reduced the amount of russet caused by the copper materials when applied alternately, or in conjunction with copper sprays. A new organic bactericide, MBR 10995, provided excellent control of fireblight in a limited trial but is not currently registered. Biological control of fireblight with application of bacteria antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora was somewhat effective. The efficacy of bactericides can also be determined by their effect on epiphytic populations of E. amylovora in blossoms.
Copper compounds were the only currently registered bactericides that controlled streptomycin-resistant strains of firelight bacteria in Bartlett pear trees, but they induced considerable amounts of fruit russet. An anti-transpirant material reduced the amount of russet caused by the copper materials when applied alternately, or in conjunction with copper sprays. A new organic bactericide, MBR 10995, provided excellent control of fireblight in a limited trial but is not currently registered. Biological control of fireblight with application of bacteria antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora was somewhat effective. The efficacy of bactericides can also be determined by their effect on epiphytic populations of E. amylovora in blossoms.
Subfloor monitoring of shady grove dairy liquid manure holding pond
by J. C. Oliver, J. L. Meyer, W. C. Fairbank, J. M. Rible
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: This report of the subfloor monitoring of the Shady Grove Dairy liquid manure holding pond near Chino offers further proof that such ponds are self-sealing and allow little or no seepage.
This report of the subfloor monitoring of the Shady Grove Dairy liquid manure holding pond near Chino offers further proof that such ponds are self-sealing and allow little or no seepage.
Climate effects on mandarins and valencia oranges
by E. M. Nauer, J. H. Goodale, L. L. Summers, W. Reuther
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: Results reported here, along with the results of similar studies conducted both in the field and in environmentally controlled glasshouses, emphasize the importance of climate in the production of marketable citrus fruits. The most important market criteria such as size, rind color, and maturity are determined to a large degree by the climate in which the trees are grown. These data can be useful in determining the most suitable varieties for trial in new areas.
Results reported here, along with the results of similar studies conducted both in the field and in environmentally controlled glasshouses, emphasize the importance of climate in the production of marketable citrus fruits. The most important market criteria such as size, rind color, and maturity are determined to a large degree by the climate in which the trees are grown. These data can be useful in determining the most suitable varieties for trial in new areas.
Pioneering research on aerosol application of insect pathogens
by L. A. Falcon, Ann Sorensen, N. B. Akesson
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: Results from these initial studies into insect pathogen application demonstrated the promising potential for effective dispersal of insect pathogens with ground aerosol rigs.
Results from these initial studies into insect pathogen application demonstrated the promising potential for effective dispersal of insect pathogens with ground aerosol rigs.
Basal sprouting of fig trees controlled with naa
by S. B. Boswell, C. D. McCarty
| Full text HTML  | PDF  
Summary Not Available – First paragraph follows: SHOOTS SPROUTING from the basal area of the trunk are a problem in commercial fig orchards and considerable time and money is spent in removing these sprouts by hand pruning. A growth regulator spray which would prevent or retard this unwanted growth would be of economic value to fig growers.
Abstract Not Available – First paragraph follows: SHOOTS SPROUTING from the basal area of the trunk are a problem in commercial fig orchards and considerable time and money is spent in removing these sprouts by hand pruning. A growth regulator spray which would prevent or retard this unwanted growth would be of economic value to fig growers.

Editorial, News, Letters and Science Briefs

Trade-offs and tomorrow
by J. B. Kendrick
Full text HTML  | PDF  

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