Early grain storage research
California Agriculture 68(1):41-41. https://doi.org/10.3733/ca.v068n01p41
Published online January 01, 2014
1947 — “Many insects that infest grain in farm storage are small. Some are smaller than a grain of wheat. In fact, with some species, a single kernel of grain furnishes sufficient food for the development of from one to several individuals.
“Among the more important pests are the granary weevil, rice weevil, lesser grain borer, Angoumois grain moth, confused flour beetle and the saw-toothed grain beetle. The first four mentioned are capable of attacking and destroying sound grain. The others generally feed upon broken grains, particularly the finer particles.
“Where the environment is favorable, these insects cause serious damage and under extreme conditions the grain may be completely destroyed. Most of the important grain pests are widespread throughout California and if grain is not properly protected it is subject to heavy infestation.
“The development of stored grain pests is largely regulated by temperature and the moisture content of the food on which they feed. The most favorable temperature range is from 80 to 85 Deg. F; while the most ideal moisture content of the food ranges from 13 to 17 per cent.”