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Meristem culture for elimination of strawberry viruses

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Authors

S. H. Smith, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkeley
R. E. Hilton, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkeley
N. W. Frazier, Department of Entomology and Parasitology, U.C., Berkeley

Publication Information

California Agriculture 24(8):8-10.

Published August 01, 1970

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Abstract

A program designed to rid strawberry varieties of viruses by meristem culture was initiated experimentally at U.C., Berkeley about three years ago. Some strawberry virus diseases can be controlled by prolonged heat treatment of the infected plants, however, there are other virus diseases that can not be eliminated by heat treatment. Meristem culture offers a means to control these heat-tolerant viruses. The meristems, or growing points, are small localized regions of active cell division. In meristem culture, these cells differentiate to form another strawberry plant. Approximately 70 per cent of the strawberry plants grown from individual meristems have been freed of all detectable viruses. This study has shown that a combination of both heat treatment and meristem culture is effective in eliminating viruses from strawberry plants.

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Author notes

This program is a cooperative effort between the University of California, the California Strawberry Nurserymen's Association, the California Strawberry Advisory Board, and the California Department of Agriculture Nursery Service.

Meristem culture for elimination of strawberry viruses

S. H. Smith, R. E. Hilton, N. W. Frazier
Webmaster Email: wsuckow@ucanr.edu

Meristem culture for elimination of strawberry viruses

Share using any of the popular social networks Share by sending an email Print article
Share using any of the popular social networks Share by sending an email Print article

Authors

S. H. Smith, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkeley
R. E. Hilton, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkeley
N. W. Frazier, Department of Entomology and Parasitology, U.C., Berkeley

Publication Information

California Agriculture 24(8):8-10.

Published August 01, 1970

PDF  |  Citation  |  Permissions

Author Affiliations show

Abstract

A program designed to rid strawberry varieties of viruses by meristem culture was initiated experimentally at U.C., Berkeley about three years ago. Some strawberry virus diseases can be controlled by prolonged heat treatment of the infected plants, however, there are other virus diseases that can not be eliminated by heat treatment. Meristem culture offers a means to control these heat-tolerant viruses. The meristems, or growing points, are small localized regions of active cell division. In meristem culture, these cells differentiate to form another strawberry plant. Approximately 70 per cent of the strawberry plants grown from individual meristems have been freed of all detectable viruses. This study has shown that a combination of both heat treatment and meristem culture is effective in eliminating viruses from strawberry plants.

Full text

Full text is available in PDF.

Author notes

This program is a cooperative effort between the University of California, the California Strawberry Nurserymen's Association, the California Strawberry Advisory Board, and the California Department of Agriculture Nursery Service.


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