Backhoe slots for orchard planting, and analysis of soil compaction and water penetration
California Agriculture 22(4):14-15.
Published April 01, 1968
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Observations made possible by excavating with a tractor-mounted back-hoc in the Stanislaus area of the San Joaquin Valley indicate that perhaps 10% of the vineyards and orchards are located on nonproductive areas of compacted soil. As much as 25% of the alfalfa acreage is productive for only one to two years because of compaction and poor water penetration.